Portrait photography or portraiture is photography of a person or group of people that displays the expression, personality, and mood of the subject. Like other types of portraiture, the focus of the photograph is usually the person’s face, although the entire body and the background or context may be included.
It aims to give emphasis on the face of the person because it will also be the focus or the emphasis of the photograph. It does not mean that the person’s body or even the background will no longer be included. Under portrait photography, these can still be included in the photo by the portrait photographer but the focus or the emphasis will be on the person’s face, facial expression and even distinct facial features.